Archive for April, 2013

Tiny stars


PicPost: Food Mountains

Tree stumps – simple play ideas

‘We can create engaging play spaces for young children using easily sourced and low cost (often free!) materials.

It’s easier than you think!  Over the next few weeks I’ll show you how, using examples from early childhood settings around the globe.  First cab off the rank is the humble tree stump.’

let the children play

This is the fourth in a series of ‘snippets’ that try to capture the essence of a particular garden style. today, ‘modernist’ gardens – I prefer this term to ‘contemporary’ as it is less laden with connotations of what is deemed to be ‘fashionable’ – so a more neutral term, hopefully!

Modernist gardens are crisp and clean. They rely on scale and proportion to provide a dramatic setting and there is simplicity and an absence of ornamentation or embellishment. They often have a strong geometric layout and are open and uncluttered. Sharp lines – whether straight, angled or curved – reinforce the contrast between verticals and horizontals, which are created by the use of structures (walls, pergolas, arbours, seating etc.) and planting (especially those with strong ‘architectural’ forms). Other key features include:

  • asymmetry

  • subtle but clear changes in level

  • modern materials (e.g. concrete, steel, glass, plastics)

  • planting in blocks

  • contemporary furniture

  • reflective water

Let me know what you think makes a Modernist style garden, and if you have some pictures I’d love to see them!

Sources and further information:

Jilly Welch article on modernism

Other posts in the series:

Formal Gardens

Mediterranean Gardens

Cottage gardens

Old School Gardener

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Should gardening be taught in schools?

A CBBC Newsround report which is about the proposed UK school curriculum changes next year. These currently propose that gardening is taught in schools – your views are being sought!

Old School Gardener

Rethinking Childhood

3 boys in playground, one falling off a beamIn my last post, I used the example of a wobbly bridge to highlight why it is hard to manage risk in play spaces. I promised to say more about the role of equipment standards in managing risk, and why they need to be rethought. This post delivers on that promise.

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‘Beautiful vintage photo from National Geographic, by W. Robert Moore, of play in Korea c. 1931.

We have come to think of a seesaw as something to sit on. But this form, seen not just in the Orient but also in Victorian playspaces, is really about jumping. Its low profile to the ground removes some of the safety concerns that have grown up around ‘seated’ seesaws, and I’d like to see playmakers thinking about using these jumping boards more often.’

From: Playscapes


In some jurisdictions a longish trek is needed to teeter your totter on a see-saw. They are not as common as they once were in PlayGroundology’s Halifax home. It’s quite possible that the genteel wilds of Kejimkujik National Park’s campgrounds about 2 1/2 hours out of the city have a healthier and more robust see-saw population.

DSC01739Keji National Park playground – Nova Scotia, Canada

I hope Keji’s red see-saws have protected status. Their well-being and continued existence should be championed if ever public pressure due to misguided fears related to safety results in calls for their removal.

See-saws are one of the mighty trio of conventional playground equipment along with slides and swings. They have been much maligned in recent years as harbingers of injury. Granted kids have to be taught not to get off and let their friend plummet to earth. Likewise it’s important to ensure that one’s chin…

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Ranunculus asiaticus - Persian Ranunculus

Ranunculus asiaticus – Persian Ranunculus

Yesterday was sunny but breezy, so my wife and I and two friends went out for a delightful walk in the local countryside, followed by Sunday lunch at a local pub. On the walk we came across signs to a ‘bluebell event’ and passed by the house and garden where this was taking place, but alas, could not spot any but a couple of rather weak looking bluebell blooms. Having been attracted out to another such event publicised a week or so ago (when in a ‘normal’ spring the Bluebells should have been well into flower) and been disappointed, I was skeptical that there was any real show on offer, especially as the bluebells at ‘Old School Garden’ were nowhere to be seen other than making a few clumps of lush foliage!

So, the late spring was once again (not) in evidence! We did, however, see some patches of Wood Anemone (Ranunculus nemorosus, meaning found in groves) amongst larger swathes of Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria, meaning fig like, referring to the heart- shaped leaves), that reliably invasive yellow – flowered creeper. According to Gilbert White, the famous diarist writing around 1800, the Lesser Celandine flowers came out on February 21, but it is more commonly expected between March and May these days, and is sometimes called the “spring messenger”.

Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celandine

Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celandine

The name Ranunculus comes from the latin for “little frog,” (rana = frog and a diminutive ending). This probably refers to many species being found near water –  just like frogs! It is a large genus of about 600 species in the similarly named family Ranunculaceae. Members include buttercups, spearworts, water crowfoots as well as the lesser Celandine. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Celandine comes from the latin chelidonia, meaning swallow: it was said that the flowers bloomed when the swallows returned and faded when they left. The common name Celandine is used to describe three different plants; as well as Lesser Celandine (a Ranunculus) there is Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus, in the poppy family) and the Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum, also in the poppy family).

Ranunculus glacialis

Ranunculus glacialis

Ranunculus repens or Creeping Buttercup

Ranunculus repens or Creeping Buttercup

Other Ranunculus species names are:

R. aconitifolius = aconite (aconitum) – like leaves

R. acris = sharp or bitter – the Meadow Crowfoot or Buttercup, a double flowered variety is grown in gardens

R. amplexicaulis = leaves, stem clasping

R. anemonoides = anemone – like

R. asiaticus = Asian, the Persian Ranunculus

R. crenatus = leaves crenated or scalloped

R. glacialis = icy, a high alpine plant

R. gramineus = grassy – the leaves

R. lingua = a tongue – the shape of the leaves

R. lyallii = after David Lyall (a 19th century Scottish botanist), the Rockwood or Mount Cook Lily

R. nivalis = snowy, or lofty regions

R. nyssanus = from Nyssa (an ancient city in Turkey)

R. parnassifolius = leaved like Parnassia

R. repens = creeping or crawling, the Creeping Buttercup

R. rutaefolius = rue (Ruta) – leaved

Most Ranunculus are herbaceous perennials, with bright yellow or white flowers (if white, they still come with a yellow centre), though some are annuals or biennials. A few species have orange or red flowers. There are usually five petals, but sometimes six, numerous, or none, as in R. auricomus. The petals are often highly lustrous, especially in those with yellow flowers (e.g buttercups).

Ranunculus lyallii- the Mount Cook lilly

Ranunculus lyallii– the Mount Cook lily

A forming Ranunculus fruit or seed head (achene)

A forming Ranunculus fruit or seed head (achene)

Buttercups usually flower in the spring, but flowers may be found throughout the summer, especially where they are unwelcome garden weeds! The name buttercup may derive from a false belief that the plants give butter its characteristic yellow hue (in fact it is poisonous to cows and other livestock). A popular children’s game involves holding a buttercup up to the chin; a yellow reflection is supposed to indicate a fondness for butter!

In the interior of the Pacific Northwest of the United States the buttercup is called “Coyote’s eyes”. In the legend behind this the Coyote was tossing his eyes up in the air and catching them again when the Eagle snatched them. Unable to see, Coyote made eyes from the buttercup!

Ranunculus' Double Orange'

Ranunculus’ Double Orange’

Ranunculus ficaria 'Brazen Hussy'

Ranunculus ficaria ‘Brazen Hussy’

Ranunculus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some butterflies. Some species are popular ornamental flowers, and many cultivars have large and brightly coloured flowers. When Ranunculus plants are handled, a naturally occurring substance, ranunculin is broken down to form a toxin known to cause dermatitis in humans and care should therefore be taken when handling large numbers of the plants. The toxins are degraded by drying, so hay containing dried buttercups is safe.

The Lesser Celandine plant used to be known as Pilewort because it was used to treat haemorrhoids. Supposedly, the knobbly tubers of the plant resemble piles, and according to the ‘doctrine of signatures’ this resemblance suggests that Pilewort could be used to cure piles! The German vernacular Scharbockskraut (“Scurvyherb”) derives from the use of the early leaves, which are high in vitamin C, to prevent scurvy. The plant is widely used in Russia and is sold in most pharmacies as a dried herb.

A woodland floor of Lesser Celandine

A woodland floor of Lesser Celandine

Further information:


Planting guide

Growing Ranunculus

Ranunculus ficaria ‘Brazen Hussy’


answers to the two clues given in Plantax 9…

  • Substandard animal limb = Pawpaw
  • West Indies batsman + Food superstore = Vivaldi

..and 2 more cryptic clues to the names of plants, fruit or veg…

  • Evader of women

  • Oriental busybody

(thanks to Les Palmer, answers in the next Plantax!)

Old School Gardener

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