By Alice Marks As meteorologists report that the El Niño Southern Oscillation is ending and a La Niña may be developing, spare a thought for smallholder farmers. Erratic rainfall, short growing seasons, prolonged droughts and flooding mean that crop yields suffer, and so do the livelihoods of those who rely on farming as their main […]

via Chains, loops, pillars and bridges – building resilience into agricultural systems. — One Billion Hungry: Can We Feed the World?